The peony or paeony is a flowering plant in the genus Paeonia, the only genus in the family Paeoniaceae. They are native to Asia, Europe and Western North America. Scientists differ on the number of species that can be distinguished ranging from 25 to 40, although the current consensus is 33 known species. The relationships between the species need to be further clarified.
Most are herbaceous perennial plants 0.25–1 metre (0.82–3.28 ft) tall, but some are woody shrubs 0.25–3.5 metres (0.82–11.48 ft) tall. They have compound, deeply lobed leaves and large, often fragrant flowers, in colors ranging from purple red to white or yellow, in late spring and early summer.
Peonies are among the most popular garden plants in temperate regions. Herbaceous peonies are also sold as cut flower on a large scale, although generally only available in late spring and early summer.
The peony is among the longest-used flowers in Eastern culture. Along with the plum blossom, it is a traditional floral symbol of China, where the Paeonia suffruticosa is called 牡丹 (mǔdān). It is also known as 富貴花 (fùguìhuā) “flower of riches and honour” or 花王 (huawang) “king of the flowers”, and is used symbolically in Chinese art. In 1903, the Qing dynasty declared the peony as the national flower.(wikipedia)
Many artist from long time ago, make several artwork based from idea about beauty of Peonies flower, some of them make in craft, poetry, drawing, painting etc.
In this gold-engraved lacquerwarefood tray from the Song dynasty (960–1279), the two long-tailed birds represent longevity, and the peony seen at the top center represents prosperity
Here the artist references Takarai Kikaku whose poem was inspired by the 14th century samurai Kusunoki Masashige:
AH! The Peonies
Took off his Armour
The noble warrior has put aside his symbols of the arts of war in deference to the beauty of a majestic bloom. And to gaze at beauty is to take off one’s armor and make yourself vulnerable to death and decay.(democraticunderground.com)