Lucian Michael Freud (/ˈluː.si.ən ˈfrɔɪd/; 8 December 1922 – 20 July 2011) was a German-born British painter and draftsman, specialising in figurative art, and is known as one of the foremost 20th-century portraitists.
He was born in Berlin, the son of a Jewish architect and the grandson of Sigmund Freud. His family moved to Britain in 1933 to escape the rise of Nazism. From 1932-33 he attended Goldsmiths College, London. He enlisted in the Merchant Navy during World War II.
His early career as a painter was influenced by surrealism, but by the early 1950s his often stark and alienated paintings tended towards realism. Freud was an intensely private and guarded man, and his paintings, completed over a 60-year career, are mostly of friends and family. They are generally somber and thickly, often set in unsettling interiors and city scapes. The works are noted for their psychological penetration and often discomforting examination of the relationship between artist and model. Freud worked from life studies, and was known for asking for extended and punishing sittings from his models.(wikipedia)
Mostly his work showed us about neurotic face, sober gesture and figures constantly empthy narrow vision , silent, models were zipped theirs mouths. Deborah Cavendish, the Dowager Duchess of Devonshire, once ascribed to him “a sort of starry quality … an extraordinary sort of mercurial thing. He’s like something not quite like a human being, more like a eborah Cavendish, the Dowager Duchess of Devonshire, once ascribed to him “a sort of starry quality … an extraordinary sort of mercurial thing. He’s like something not quite like a human being, more like a will-o’-the-wisp.” Over the course of his life he fathered 14 acknowledged children with six women. Among his nine daughters are the fashion designer Bella Freud and the novelist Esther Freud. Two weeks into their bedside vigil, he was gone..”
OLD MASTER Left: Freud and one of his many lovers, Alexi Williams-Wynn, pose for The Painter Surprised by a Naked Admirer in his Holland Park studio in 2005. Right: Reflection (Self-Portrait), 1985., PHOTOGRAPH BY JOHN RIDDY/PAINTING © THE LUCIAN FREUD ARCHIVE
Technically his artwork based from impresionism and spirit of idea from surealism, his character it was complicated so in the other hand make his artwork strong and original.
Freud briefly studied at the Central School of Art in London, and from 1939 to 1942 with greater success at Cedric Morris’ East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing in Dedham, relocated in 1940 to Benton End, a house near Hadleigh, Suffolk. He also attendedGoldsmiths’ College, part of the University of London, in 1942–43. He served as a merchant seaman in an Atlantic convoy in 1941 before being invalided out of service in 1942.