Bird Specialist Watercolor Illustrator Karolina Kijak

Two things the most interesting with bird first, mostly they can flying, Most birds can fly, which distinguishes them from almost all other vertebrate classes. Flight is the primary means of locomotion for most bird species and is used for searching for food and for escaping from predators. Birds have various adaptations for flight, including a lightweight skeleton, two large flight muscles, the pectoralis (which accounts for 15% of the total mass of the bird) and the supracoracoideus, as well as a modified forelimb (wing) that serves as an aerofoil.

Wing shape and size generally determine a bird’s flight style and performance; many birds combine powered, flapping flight with less energy-intensive soaring flight. About 60 extant bird species are flightless, as were many extinct birds. Flightlessness often arises in birds on isolated islands, probably due to limited resources and the absence of land predators. Though flightless, penguins use similar musculature and movements to “fly” through the water, as do auks, shearwaters and dippers.
Second, feathers being critical to the survival of a bird, require maintenance. Apart from physical wear and tear, feathers face the onslaught of fungi, ectoparasitic feather mites and birdlice. The physical condition of feathers are maintained by preening often with the application of secretions from the preen gland. Birds also bathe in water or dust themselves. While some birds dip into shallow water, more aerial species may make aerial dips into water and arboreal species often make use of dew or rain that collect on leaves. Birds of arid regions make use of loose soil to dust-bathe. A behaviour termed as anting in which the bird encourages ants to run through their plumage is also thought to help them reduce the ectoparasite load in feathers. Many species will spread out their wings and expose them to direct sunlight and this too is thought to help in reducing fungal and ectoparasitic activity that may lead to feather damage.
Karolina Kijak not scientist, but her capacity and capability to describe bird’s aesthetics, it’s totally sharp and beautiful. She was always been fascinated by two worlds-world of art and world of the wildlife. She was graduated from Architecture at the Poland University of Technology and she have been designing interiors and buildings for several years. Her color scheme light and clear, sometimes she didn’t gave profound color or pattern, just let it transparent and light for her object, it’s totally awesome.
Source: Bored Panda, Instagram, Karolina Kijak, Wikipedia

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